Aelle
· He is an Anglo Saxon ruler credited with the foundation of Sussex or South Saxons.
· He made war on the Britons near Selsey Bill
· He and his son Cissa massacred Anderida
· He is the first king to be recognized as an overlord of all the English peoples of Humber.
· He reigned from 477 to 514
· With lack of evidence, it is unsure if he ever existed.
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Alfred the Great
  • Ruled from 871-900
  • King of Wessex at a time of constant Viking attack
  • Made peace with the Vikings with a partition through England called the "Danelaw" in 886
  • Known for:
    • Creating fortifications around his kingdom
    • Improving kingdom security
    • Promoting education and the arts
  • Called the "Father of the English Navy"
  • Condsidered a scholar and translated Latin Books
  • Only English monarch to carry "the Great" with his name
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Edward 'The Elder'
  • Ruled from 900-924
  • He is best known for his re-conquest of all of England south of the Humber after the Viking invasions of the previous century.
  • Edward’s path to fame was not easy; there were many rebellions he had to overcome and conquer
  • The kings of Strathclyde and the Scots submitted to Edward in 921.
  • He established an administration for England
  • He had a son named Athelstan who took control when he died in 924.
  • He was married three times and had 14 children
Edward
Edward


Athelstan
· Ruled from 925-39
· Athelstan's law codes strengthened royal control over his large kingdom. Buying and selling encouraged town life.
· Overseas, Athelstan built alliances by marrying four of his half-sisters to various rulers in western Europe.
· Known as "King of the English, elevated by the right hand of the Almighty ... to the Throne of the whole Kingdom of Britain"
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Edmund l
  • Ruled from 939-946
  • Half-brother of Athelstan, who died without an immediate heir
  • He successfully supressed rebellions by the Mercian Danes.
  • He was murdered at a feast in his hall at 25.
  • Rule passed to his brother Eadred

Eadred
  • Ruled from 946-955
  • King of Wessex
  • Went North to ravage territories that were taken over by Eric Bloodaxe, a Norse Viking who established himself as king of Northumbria at York
  • Attacked by Bloodaxe when he moved back south
  • Viewed as a bloodthirsty viking
  • Constantly oppressed by sickness
  • Devoted his life to God
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Edgar
  • king in Mercia and Danelaw from 957
  • He was a firm and capable ruler whose power was acknowledged by other rulers in Brtain, as well as by Welsch and Scottish kings
  • Edgar was the patron of a great monastic revival which owed much to his association with Archbishop Dunstan.

Ethelred The Unready (Ethelred II)
  • Ruled from 978-1016
  • He succeeded his half brother, Edward the Martyr, to the throne
  • Began ruling at age ten
  • Long, inneffective reign characterized by poor decisions and suspicion
  • Abandoned his throne in 1013 on account of relentless Viking invasions
  • Fled to Normandy
  • Resumed reign in 1014, before dying in 1016
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Sweyn
· Ruled from 1013 – 1014
· He was the son of a Danish king
· Began conquering territory in England in 1003, effectively devastating much of southern and midland England.
· The English nobility recognized Sweyn as king in 1013 because they didn’t like their current king, Ethelred ‘The Unready’
· Sweyn soon died in 1014, but his son Canute the Great returned and reclaimed control of England
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